otters in alabama
Similarly, we estimated that river otters occupied approximately 5,000,550 km2—nearly 63% of the land area of the contiguous United States—and that the potential river otter range was approaching 5,556,200 km2. Now they are gone from the central and eastern United States, and extinct or rare in Arizona, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, and West Virginia. Giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis): the giant otter is the longest of the species, the sea otter's weight and abundant fur, make it bigger overall. According to the Florida Administrative Code, Class I animals are illegal to possess, and Class II animals require a permit.Class I animals include bears, large cats, rhinos, crocodiles, chimpanzees, and more. As of 2016, only two additional states had conducted reintroductions (New Mexico and North Dakota) since Raesly's (2001) previous assessment and Utah was the only state that had reintroduced river otters since 2010. We categorized the frequencies of regulatory review within state agencies into the following: never, every 4–5 y, every 2–3 y, annually, and immediately as needed. Other restoration efforts were conducted to bolster existing river otter populations and to expand otter distributions and provide connectivity within states that had existing, but not ubiquitous, river otter populations (Table 1). 2003). doi: https://doi.org/10.3996/102018-JFWM-093. Comparisons between our survey and published reports from 1998 (Melquist et al. River otter reintroductions were widespread during the late 20th century (Raesly 2001). We estimated that river otter range in the continental United States expanded by 10.2% during this period (Table 3). will only copy the licensed content. River Otters are good swimmers and divers, able to stay underwater for up to eight minutes. Prospective owners should know these laws before taking on a new pet. River otters were reported to be ubiquitous throughout Alaska south of the Brooks Range (Alaska Department of Fish and Game, personal communication). You can always call Nuisance Wildlife Control, any time of day, at 256-399-4142, for a price quote for Cullman wildlife control services. Otter includes 600 minutes of transcription free per month! Any use of trade, product, website, or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. It is also possible that we underestimated the geographic extent of the range given that presence is unknown in some counties, particularly in arid regions, and these areas were excluded from our estimate. (c) Matt Muir, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). They tend to have a few cubs that are taken care of until 10 months old. Figure S1. Found at DOI: https://doi.org/10.3996/102018-JFWM-093.S1 (599 KB PDF). The river otter is protected and insulated by a thick, water-repellent coat of fur. Since inclusion under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the U.S. (1996) encouraged jurisdictions to standardize monitoring methodology. T. Peltier, N. Forman, and W. Dodge also assisted with several aspects of this effort.We would also like to thank the Associate Editor and anonymous reviewers for constructive and value suggestions and comments that improved the quality of this manuscript. (c) 2013 California Academy of Sciences, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Florida . They once lived in streams, rivers, lakes, swamps, and coastal areas throughout Canada and the United States. We estimated the county-level geographic distribution occupied by river otters in the continental United States during 2016 to be approximately 7,422,120 km2—75% of the total land area and 94% of the available total water area. 2003) using ArcMap (ESRI 2011). Our area estimates of river otter distribution in the contiguous United States during 2016 (e.g., 5,686,140 km2) were strikingly similar (i.e., only 2.3% greater) to what Melquist et al. Harvest regulations are reviewed frequently by most states that allow harvest (Table 1). Two states (Connecticut and Tennessee) reported that regulations are reviewed “every 4 to 5 years.” South Carolina and Texas reported that harvest regulations are “never” reviewed. Agency-enforced regulations include restrictions on harvest, harvest season length, harvest methods, and bag limits. It's lakes are filled with trophy bass and are stocked with rainbow trout during the winter and early spring months. We surveyed state wildlife agency experts regarding 1) the legal status of river otters in their state, 2) the statewide river otter population trend, 3) the results of reintroduction efforts (if applicable), 4) the population status of river otters since reintroduction efforts, 5) the method(s) of river otter population monitoring, 6) how frequently adjustments are made to harvest regulations (if applicable), 7) and the geographic distribution of river otters in their state. While Alabama's laws on exotic animals are relatively lax, the state does have restrictions on several types of animals.

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